Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) or Stroke

Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) or Stroke involves a slow recovery and, in some cases, irreparable damage. Find out about the most innovative neurorehabilitation treatments in our specialised clinics in Spain if you have suffered a stroke or ictus.

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Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) or Stroke treatment in Spain

Stroke is a cerebrovascular disease that occurs when there is a rupture or blockage in a blood vessel, reducing blood flow to the brain. Because the blood does not reach the brain in the necessary quantity, the nerve cells do not receive oxygen and stop functioning.

According to data from the Spanish Society of Neurology’s Cerebrovascular Disease Study Group, 650,000 people die of this disease in Europe, of which around 40,000 in Spain.

There are two types of stroke:

  • Ischaemic stroke or cerebral infarction:
    Ischaemic stroke, or cerebral infarction, occurs when an artery becomes blocked, usually by a blood clot or thrombus. The thrombus partially or totally limits blood flow, reducing the amount of oxygen reaching the brain.
  • Haemorrhagic stroke:
    Haemorrhagic stroke is the least frequent of the cases, between 10 and 15% of cases. It occurs when a blood vessel (vein or artery) ruptures, resulting in a haemorrhage inside the brain. Oxygen stops reaching the brain, so nerve cells stop functioning and die within minutes.

Another important cause of stroke is atrial fibrillation. It is the most common type of arrhythmia and is a major health problem and increases the risk of cardiac events.

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    Treatment characteristics

    These are some of the signs and symptoms:

    • Loss of strength or paralysis of half of the body
    • Speech difficulties
    • Sudden visual loss in one eye
    • Severe and unexplained headache

    People at risk are those who lead a sedentary lifestyle, are overweight, suffer from high blood pressure, smoke, use drugs or have a family history, among others.

    Prompt action is crucial if in the presence of someone who is suffering from a stroke, you must contact the emergency services as soon as possible for treatment. The time of detection and proper intervention are important factors for recovery.

    A stroke usually results in facial paralysis, walking difficulties, speech difficulties and memory loss. Therefore, the person who has suffered a stroke must undergo several therapies to help recover the impaired functions. These include physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, etc. These therapies are supervised by a multidisciplinary team focused on achieving the best possible recovery according to the gravity of the damage.

    The result depends on the extent of injury. But for most cases,  significant improvement is achieved.

    It is advisable to stay in Spain for about 3 to 6 months to achieve a slight percentage of improvement and between 6 and 12 months to achieve a higher percentage of recovery. The length of stay is to manage and monitor the entire recovery process.

    The process is hard and slow for the patient and their loved ones.

    Relevant information


    • Stimulation of neuronal plasticity.
    • Improvement of lost physical and cognitive abilities.
    • Increasing self-esteem.
    • More independence in the patient’s daily life.
    • Therapy readjustment for faster rehabilitation.

    Treatment itinerary

    Before treatment

    • Check that you have prepared all the personal documentation (credit card, cash, passport, Identity Card…), medical (reports, prescriptions, images…) and travel (confirmation of accommodation booking, travel tickets…)​.
    • If you take medication of any kind not related to the surgery, do not forget to take with you the necessary amount for your stay in Spain, as well as the medical prescription that will allow you to travel with it without problems.​
    • When you come to Spain, be aware that you already have a treatment plan that will begin immediately upon your arrival at the clinic.

    During treatment

    • Once you are in Spain, you will have to make an appointment with the specialist to review the documents and plan the treatment. Some phases may need to be adjusted for the effectiveness and success of the rehabilitation.
    • Once you are in Spain, you will have to make an appointment with your specialist. During this visit, the doctor will open your medical record (for which you will be asked to provide all your medical documentation), perform a physical examination and tell you if any further tests are needed to confirm the treatment.
    • In most cases, you are immediately admitted to the clinic to start the rehabilitation process in Spain. You are monitored 24 hours a day by the rehabilitation team.

    After treatment

    • When the treatment in Spain is finished, our professionals provide a series of guidelines to continue your therapy at home.
    • Remember that your recovery time will vary depending on your age, your physical condition, your lifestyle habits and your attitude!
    • Keep in mind that your successful recovery also depends on you!


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